The last and third stages of pregnancy are extremely important as the time of delivery is near. Because even a little carelessness during this time can be harmful for you and your baby. In the last trimester, the pregnant woman’s stomach also comes out a lot. Not only this, the movement of the baby in the womb also becomes more. In the third trimester of pregnancy, the development of the baby is almost complete. For the proper development and smooth delivery of the baby, you have to take special care of many things at this time. Know complete information about the third trimester of pregnancy.
Complete information about the third trimester of pregnancy
1. Physical changes in the third phase
A mother who is in the third trimester of pregnancy goes through not only physical but also many mental changes, which are as follows:
In the last trimester of pregnancy, there is only a short time left for labor and the baby has fully developed in the uterus. In the last trimester of pregnancy, the weight of the mother increases along with the baby in the womb.
Back pain is very common in the third trimester of pregnancy. This is due to the changes in hormones during this time and the weight of the growing baby.
Pain in the legs and vagina is also common in the mother’s as well as in the last trimester of pregnancy. This is due to the change in the shape of the uterus. The effect of increased weight also affects the muscles.
It is also natural to not sleep at this time due to increase in weight, movement of the baby in the womb, enlargement of the stomach and other problems. It can also happen because of fear of childbirth and anxiety about the future.
In the last trimester of pregnancy, stretch marks darken in the abdomen of a pregnant woman. This happens because of the increasing size of the abdomen.
In the last months, you may also have problems in walking due to the increase in your weight and increase in stomach etc. You will get tired quickly just by doing a little work or walking.
Change in appetite
Most women also feel a change in their appetite in the third trimester of pregnancy, usually during this time the woman feels more hungry than usual.
leaking from breasts
In the last months of pregnancy, a yellowish fluid starts coming out of the breasts. It is thick and is called colostrum. However, over time, this liquid becomes like water.
Pregnant women have the problem of constipation during pregnancy, but in the last months this problem can sometimes increase and take the form of piles. To avoid this, eat a diet rich in fiber from the beginning and drink water. If the problem has increased, consult a doctor.
2. Mental state
In the last trimester of pregnancy, along with excitement in the mind of the woman, fear and anxiety about childbirth and other things increases. In such a situation, along with fear, it is also normal to have anxiety. Women can also face stress and depression due to these concerns. It is also natural to have negative thoughts in the last month, but you can also come out of this situation by keeping yourself busy, doing exercise and yoga and spending quality time with your family. If you are feeling restless, do not forget to talk to the doctor.
3. Diet in the 3rd Trimester of pregnancy
Be cautious about what to eat during the third trimester of pregnancy and what not to eat. Know what to eat during this time:
There should not be a lack of protein in your body in the last stages of pregnancy. For this, you should consume plenty of protein-rich foods such as whole grains, pulses, vegetables etc.
Do not forget to consume green vegetables like spinach, fenugreek etc. to avoid anemia in pregnancy, because if your body is deficient in iron then you may also face problems in delivery.
Calcium rich diet
For the strength and development of the baby and your bones, take calcium in your diet such as milk and milk products (paneer, curd, buttermilk etc.). Along with this, green vegetables and almonds are also good sources of calcium. Vitamin C must be consumed for proper absorption of calcium in the body. Include whole grains like corn, oats, brown rice, millet etc. in your diet.
Include omega 3 in your diet for proper development of the brain of the unborn baby and its muscles also get full strength. For this, eat flaxseeds, walnuts, rye oil, soybeans, chicken and salmon fish etc.
Vitamin K is helpful in thickening the blood and stopping bleeding, which will help you in labor. You can get vitamin K by consuming green leafy vegetables, radishes, wheat, bananas, sprouts, green onions and fruits.
It is necessary to eat a diet rich in folic acid so that both mother and baby do not have anemia and the placenta is also healthy. Along with this, do not forget to eat foods rich in zinc. For these, you must eat pulses, green vegetables, mint, eggs, things made from milk.
Be sure to include carbohydrate-rich things in your diet like potatoes, dry fruits, milk, eggs, beans etc.
In the last stage of pregnancy, in order not to increase the problem of constipation or piles, eat fiber-rich diet in advance. Oats, fruits, green vegetables and fluids do not cause constipation.
4. Things not to eat
Caffeinated foods such as tea and coffee should not be consumed even in the late stages of pregnancy. Such things are harmful for the baby.
- Unpasteurized milk should also not be consumed during pregnancy as it contains bacteria called Listeria which is harmful to the foetus.
- It is considered good to eat fish at this time, but keep in mind that the fish is not mercury, otherwise it will be harmful for you.
- Consuming raw eggs and raw meat should also be avoided in the last months.
Consuming raw papaya can harm the fetus.
- Avoid eating raw sprouts in the third trimester as it can cause food poisoning.
- Do not eat more spicy, fried and junk food. This can cause you stomach problems.
5. Pregnancy Care Tips for 3rd Trimester
In the last step, you should take special care of how to get up, sit or lie down. While sitting, sit very straight and definitely take the support of something. It is considered right to sleep on the left side while sleeping. Do not stand up suddenly, but stand slowly.
Drink a lot of water
Drink plenty of water to avoid constipation and piles in late pregnancy. Not only this, the consumption of liquid diet is also good during this time.
Exercise or yoga
In the last stage, the pregnant woman has breathing problems, so do exercises, especially breathing exercises. Doing yoga will also be beneficial for you and the baby in the last stage, just do yoga asanas only after expert opinion.
Stay away from depression
You may feel stressed in the last months of pregnancy due to the fear of childbirth and other reasons. If you’re feeling this way, talk to a doctor and stay busy. Keep your thinking positive. Think of that moment and the golden times to come when your baby will be with you.
6. Make full preparations
There is only some time left for your delivery, not only this, in many cases the delivery is done before the given date. So complete your shopping and packing. Pack the essentials for the hospital. Along with this, prepare in advance for the reception of the baby and the necessary things after the birth of the baby.
Be prepared mentally
This is the time when you should be fully prepared physically and mentally for your delivery and life to come. After the arrival of the baby, mentally you should be fully prepared for what changes are going to come in your life. Take time for yourself too because you will not get time for yourself after the birth of your baby.
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Pregnant woman in the last stage of pregnancy should be careful. If there is any problem, one should immediately consult a doctor such as severe abdominal pain, bleeding, loss of vision, fever etc. Along with this, always have someone with you instead of being alone so that you can get help in case of emergency.