Due to the setting of the sun, the festival of Happy Pongal is celebrated with much fanfare in South India. This day marks the beginning of the Tamil New Year. The festival of Pongal is associated with nature and farming. In South India, people rejoice and rejoice when the harvest is done. Tamils celebrate it by the name of Tai Pongal.
Tamils call this festival the festival of crops and the festival of giving thanks to the sun god. The festival is celebrated under four names for four days from 14th January to 17th January. The tradition of celebrating this festival has been going on since the time of Dravidians. On this day people worship rain, incense, sun and Indra Dev for prosperity as well as farm implements and animals. The festival is celebrated for four days in a row.
The first day of this festival which lasts for 4 days is called Bhogi Pongal. The second day is called Surya Pongal, the third day Mattu Pongal and the fourth day Kannam Pongal. Different traditions are followed during the four days of Pongal.
The whole house is cleaned on the first day of Pongal. After cleaning, the old belongings in the house are removed and the victim is burnt. On this day Lord Indra is worshiped. On the second day of Pongal, Suryanarayana is worshiped on the day i.e. Surya Pongal. Food and water are obtained due to sunlight. Thanks are extended to them.
A special kind of pudding is made on this day. This victim is called a step. The milk is boiled in a clay or copper vessel in the morning on the day of Tai Pongal and the milk is waited for to come out of the vessel. It is considered auspicious for milk to come out. After boiling the milk, rice is added to it by saying pongal three times.
The ox is worshiped on the third day of Pongal. The ox is considered to be a form of Nandi. This is an expression of gratitude to the animals. On the fourth day of Pongal, the houses are decorated with flowers. The women finish the rangoli in the courtyard. The bride is worshiped. Since it is the last day of Pongal, gifts are given to relatives. All the people send Pongal greetings to each other.