Neighboring Countries of India: Our country India is the seventh largest country in the world by area. Due to being such a large country, India meets many other countries. The border of India’s neighboring countries meets with a total of 9 countries including water and land. India’s relations with many of these countries are friendly, while we have border disputes with China and Pakistan.
India is bordered by Pakistan in the west, China, Nepal and Bhutan in the northeast and Myanmar and Bangladesh in the east. While India shares its maritime border with Sri Lanka and Maldives. Talking about Afghanistan, the border of Afghanistan meets with Pakistan Occupied Kashmir. According to the land border, India shares borders with its seven neighboring countries and India has two neighboring countries from the maritime border.
Let us know in a little detail the topic: Which are the neighboring countries of India, what is their capital, area, population and their currency?
Neighboring Countries of India and their Capitals
|SR No.||Country Name||Capital||Population||Currency|
|1.||Pakistan||Islamabad||21.6 crore||Pakistani Rupee|
|2.||Afghanistan||Kabul||3.8 crore||afghan rupee|
|4.||Nepal||Kathmandu||2.86 crore||Nepalese Rupee|
|8.||Sri Lanka||Colombo||2.18 crore||–|
Neighboring Countries of India and their Capital
Pakistan is located to the west of India. The total area of Pakistan is 7,96,096 square kilometer. India’s Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab and the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir share its borders with Pakistan. After India got independence from British rule, Pakistan separated from India and became a separate country. Pakistan celebrates its Independence Day on 14 August. When Pakistan became independent, it also got divided into two parts. The first part was called East Pakistan and the second part was called West Pakistan. The two regions of Pakistan were completely different from each other in language and culture. After much conflict between these two regions, a civil war ensued in 1971, after which, a separate country named Bangladesh was formed. After which it became a two-territory country in which East Pakistan became Bangladesh and West Pakistan became the Republic of Pakistan.
The border of Afghanistan is adjacent to Kashmir of India. Although this part of Kashmir is under Pakistan which we know as POK. Afghanistan is also known as the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan in Central Asia. It has a total area of 6,52,235 square kilometers, and the population of Afghanistan is 38 million. Agriculture plays a major role in the economy of Afghanistan. Afghanistan includes industrial activities such as cotton textiles, woollens, woven carpets and handicrafts and is also included in the list of neighboring countries of India.
China, also known as the People’s Republic of China. China is located to the north of India. China is the world’s third largest by area and the world’s most populous country. India’s Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Ladakh, Arunachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand share their borders with China. China is one of the countries with the fastest growing economies. India has a long border dispute with China.
Nepal is located in the north of India. Which is known as the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. The area of Nepal is 1,47,180 square kilometer. The capital of Nepal is Kathmandu which is also the largest city of Nepal. Tourism plays a major role in the economy of Nepal. Millions of people visit here every year. Nepal shares its borders with India’s Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Sikkim and Bihar. Everest, the world’s highest mountain peak, is in Nepal.
Bhutan which is also officially known as the Kingdom of Bhutan. Bhutan is located in the north of India. The area of Bhutan is 38,394 square kilometers. The capital of Bhutan is Thimphu. Bhutan is the smallest neighboring country of India. It shares its borders with Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Sikkim and West Bengal of India and is also a land mark country. Agriculture, forestry, hydropower and tourism play a major role in Bhutan’s economy.
Bangladesh shares its borders with the Indian states of Assam, Tripura, Mizoram, Meghalaya and West Bengal. Bangladesh was initially a part of Pakistan known as East Pakistan, but after the Liberation War in 1971, it became an independent country. Bangladesh is the 8th most populous country in the world. Officially Bangladesh is also known as People’s Republic of Bangladesh.
Myanmar, which was once also known as Burma, is a country located in East Asia. Today it is known as The Republic of the Union of Myanmar. The area of Myanmar is 6,76,578 square kilometers. The capital of Myanmar is Naypyida. Myanmar shares its borders with the Indian states of Nagaland, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram. The total population of this country is 5.4 crores.
8. Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka is a country connected by maritime border with India. It is an island country located in the south of India. Which is very famous because of its virtuosity. The distance from India to Sri Lanka goes through the sea route, which is about 31 kilometers. Till 1972, this country was known as Ceylon which was later changed to Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka has two capitals, Colombo and Sri Jayawardenepura Kotti. Colombo is the capital of Sri Lanka and the population of this country is 2.18 crores.
Maldives is a small country whose capital is Male. It is an island located in the southwest of India. Maldives is also known as Republic of Maldives. This country is spread over an area of only 298 square kilometers. Maldives is a Presidential Republic so the President is the head of state. Maldives comes in eighth place in the list of smallest countries in the world. This country is connected with India by maritime border. The population of this country is 5.31 lakhs.
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India’s relations with neighboring countries
India has political relations with many neighboring countries as well as historical ties related to culture and tradition. Before independence, Pakistan and Bangladesh were part of India. Accordingly, our language, living habits and traditions are very similar to each other. Whereas India’s relations with Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka and Myanmar are like a family. Although there may be some issues between us due to some political reasons, but spiritually India’s relationship with Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bhutan and Myanmar is very strong. On the other hand, our relations with China and Pakistan are not that good, mainly because of India’s border dispute with these countries, while due to trade competition in some areas, there is not that much affinity in relations.
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