Menstruation is an important day in the life of any woman. Menstruation every month is painless for some women and very painful for others. Usually girls have severe pain in abdomen, waist and legs during menstruation. Some people also get dizziness and fever. So many women also have the problem of loose motion. During this time every girl has to take care of herself, but it often happens that due to lack of correct information about menstruation, girls work with misunderstandings during this period and the situation gets worse. In such a situation, it is very important to be aware of everything related to menstruation. Especially those who have just started getting periods. So let’s know what is menstruation (menstruation Cycle meaning), symptoms of menstruation, problems of menstruation and phases of menstrual cycle and causes of hormones. Exercise During Periods for Women Is Safe or Not.
Menstruation Meaning | What is Menstruation?
For those who have just started their period, it is very important to know what is menstruation? So let us tell you that every month an egg is released from the ovaries of women. This process is called ovulation. During this, hormonal changes take place in the body of women and the uterus prepares for pregnancy. At the time of ovulation, when the egg is not fertilized, the lining of the uterus starts flowing out of the body along with period blood. This is called period or menstruation (menstrual cycle meaning). For many people, it comes in an interval of 28 to 35 days every month. Your period begins and you bleed for 3 to 7 days. But don’t worry, only 20 to 60 milliliters of blood will flow through your body, which is equal to 4 to 12 teaspoons.
Menstrual Cycle Meaning | Menstrual Cycle Process
What is menstruation? After knowing this, now you should know about the menstrual cycle process, how menstruation comes and what happens after it. The process of menstruation is divided into four phases, which are as follows –
Phase I (1 to 7 days) – The first day of menstruation is counted as the first day of menstruation. It can last from about three days to a week. When the lining of the uterus comes out of the vagina with bleeding, the bleeding also stops. This is the first phase of the menstrual cycle.
Second phase (8-14 days) – Whenever the period (menstrual period meaning) ends, from that day onwards the next the second phase starts. This is called the follicular phase. Meanwhile, 5 to 20 follicles come out of the woman’s ovary, each containing an egg. The egg of one of these follicles matures further and can combine with the sperm to cause pregnancy in the next stage. From this stage, the lining of the uterus starts thickening.
Third phase (15-25 days) – The third phase of the menstrual cycle is very important for women planning pregnancy. Because ovulation occurs during this time and the woman is most likely to become pregnant. Around the 15th day, a mature egg is released from the ovary. This egg leaves the ovary and travels to the fallopian tube. There it can remain active for about 24 hours. If during this time it meets sperm in the fallopian tube, then the woman can become pregnant. At the same time, if it is not found, then it ends after 24 hours.
Fourth phase (25-28 days) – This phase of the menstrual cycle is also called the luteal phase. During this, if the egg is fertilized during ovulation, then the level of progesterone and a small amount of estrogen in the body starts increasing. Both these hormones work to prevent pregnancy. On the other hand, if the egg is not fertilized, then the level of progesterone starts decreasing at this stage. As a result the lining of the uterus starts returning to normal as before. After this, the period comes between the 28th day to the 35th day. So in this way one cycle of menstruation is completed and after that the second cycle of the body starts.
When Does Menstruation Start?
Talking about the age of menstruation, many people believe that the coming of periods is related to puberty. But usually in girls from the age of 12-13, when there is a change in hormones, menstruation starts. But it is not necessary that everyone’s menstruation starts from this age. This is just the average age. It can start anytime between 8 years and 15 years. Which every month after 21 to 35 days, the woman has a period which lasts for 2 to 7 days. This is called a normal period. The menstrual cycle process is long for the first few years but becomes shorter and regular with age. During this, there is pain with light or fast bleeding. which is generally considered normal.
Periods Symptoms | Symptoms of Periods
Vaginal bleeding is the main symptom during menstruation. But at the same time, some girls experience abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting or diarrhea and irritability during menstruation 1-2 days before the onset of period. The problems that occur during this period vary with age. Various menstrual problems appear from adolescence to menopause. Let us know the symptoms of menstruation, that is, about the signs that our body starts giving us before the period comes.
- Pain or cramping in the pelvic area
- Breast pain
- Gaining Weight
- Abdominal distension
- Headache/back pain
- Severe lower leg pain
- Strong urge to eat
- Mood swing
When Does Menstruation End?
By the way, the closure of menstruation, which is called menopause, also depends on the health of the woman, hormones and her geographical area. Worldwide, the average age of menopause for women is 51. If we talk about India, then the menstruation of women stops here between 40 and 50 years of age. Every woman has to face menopause at the age of 45 to 50. This is a natural process. From the age of 45, the symptoms of stopping of menstruation in women start appearing. Menopause usually occurs in women after 45 to 50 years.
We hope that you have got all the necessary information about menstruation in this article of ours. In this article, what is a menstrual cycle? What is the meaning of period cycle etc. questions have been answered.
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Menstrual Question and Answer FAQs
Q1. How to track menstruation?
To track the period (menstruation), first of all see how many days your month comes more or less. Also pay attention to the symptoms of menstruation such as back pain, leg pain or mood swings.
Q2. What to do if the period does not come properly?
Eat raw papaya to get your period. Unripe papaya contains an element that causes tightening of the uterus. Due to constriction, periods come early. Make and drink raw papaya juice or eat papaya daily in the middle of your menstrual cycle. Period will come in 2-3.
Q3. When to visit the doctor for problems related to the menstrual cycle?
If the problem of menstruation is not solved in time, then it can take a disastrous form. If you are having heavy bleeding during periods, there is pain or if periods are not coming in time, then you should consult a gynecologist.
Q4. How to know if period is coming?
Before the period comes, the body of many women starts giving them a signal that their period is going to start in a few days. Back pain, pimples, pain in legs and breast, feeling tired etc. are the symptoms of menstruation.
Q5. At what age does menstruation come?
Talking about India, women between 40 and 50 get menopause here. That is, some women get menstruation before 45 years and even after that.
Q6. How late can the period be?
Usually the period cycle is 21 to 35 days. If your period comes after 35 days, then know that you too are going through the same problem of period.