World’s largest desert: Friends, if you think that hundreds of thousands of kilometers of sand filled place is called desert then you are wrong. In this article today I am going to tell you what the desert is and who is the largest desert in the world and where it is located. In this article, I am going to tell you about the 10 largest deserts in the world. So let’s start.
What is a Desert?
A desert is an area where rainfall is little or no. Due to which the vegetation and the lack of habitat, the land there has become dry. Desert areas also include polar regions, also known as cold deserts. This is the most hot desert in the whole world, out of which the largest desert is Sahara Desert, but which is the largest desert in the world, today we will go in this article but before that we will know in a line how a desert is built.
Friends, the creation of a desert is caused by various environmental stresses, such as high mountains that induce a rain deficit, or a loss of vegetation due to earthquake tremors, which continues to grow and thus create a desert is. So let’s know which are the 10 largest deserts in the world.
List of Largest Desert in the World
|Sr No.||Name||Type||Area (in square miles)||Place (Location)|
|2.||Arctic||Polar||5,400,000||Alaska, Canada, Greenland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia|
|5.||Gobi||Cold||500,000||China and Mongolia|
|8.||Kalahari||Subtropical||220,000||South Africa, Botswana, Namibia|
|9.||Great Basin||Cold||190,000||United States of America|
|10.||Syrian||Subtropical||190,000||Syria, Iraq, Jordan, Saudi Arabia|
1. Antarctica Desert
Antarctica is the southernmost continent of this Earth. It is surrounded by the South Ocean. It is spread over an area of approximately 5,500,000 square miles. This entire continent is considered almost a desert. It is a cold desert. There is a winter season here throughout the year. The summer season is only from October to February. There is no permanent resident here. There is only research center here. Where only 500 to 1000 people live. 98% of Antarctica is covered by 1.6 kilometers of snow. It is the coldest, and strongest windswept continent in the world.
2. Arctic Desert
It is the second largest desert in the world. The Arctic desert is spread over 5,400,000 square miles. There is very little rain in this area. Because of which this cold is a dry place. At the same time, there is heavy rainfall in the Tudra region of its arctic, so it also has good vegetation. Much of the Arctic is now absorbed into the sea. The sun does not set primarily in the summer season. This desert plays a very important contribution to the change of the Earth’s climate.
3. Sahara Desert
This desert is the largest hot desert in the world. This desert is spread over 3,500 square miles. Sahara is an Arabic word meaning “desert“. The desert stretches across the northern part of Africa from the Atlantic Ocean to the Red Sea to a length of 56000 kilometers in width to the north of Sudan and 1,300 km south of the Atlas Mountains. The Sahara Desert is a low desert plateau with an average elevation of 300 meters. The history of this desert is about 3 million years old. There are also some regular volcanic mountains here. Here both daily temperature and annual temperature are high. It experiences severe heat in the day and a harsh winter at night. Thus the Sahara Desert is the third largest desert in the world.
4. Arabian Desert / Desert
The Arabian Desert is the fourth largest desert in the world. This desert is spread over about 1,000,000 square miles. It is a hot desert. The temperature of this place rises to about 70.5 degree Celsius during the summer month. The western part of this desert is covered with about 18 volcanic mountains, sometimes black lava also occurs in this region.
5. Gobi Desert
This desert is the fifth largest desert in the world. This desert is spread over 500,000 square miles. This desert mainly consists of Mongolia and China. It is a unique desert because it has hard rock instead of sand. The desert is believed to have been formed by the Himalayan Mountains. The temperature of this desert decreases to about 60.0 ° C in summer and -24.0 ° C in winter season. It is not appropriate to follow any creature in this desert. This is because natural waterfalls and wells do not exist here.
6. Patagonian Desert
This desert is spread over about 260,000 square miles. It is Argentina’s largest desert and the sixth largest desert in the world and one of the other deserts in the world. The average temperature here ranges from 3 ° C to 12 ° C. The population here relies on animal husbandry such as sheep. This desert is also a “cold desert” like the Antarctica desert and the Arctic desert. The main component here is oil, coal etc. Which is used by the citizens living here.
7. Great Victoria Desert
This desert is the largest desert in Australia and the seventh largest in the world. This desert spreads over an area of about 250,000 square miles. Here the temperature decreases to 57.0 ° C in the summer season and to 36.0 ° C in the winter season. This desert is also completely dry. This desert has rugged terrain and high level mounds. Thus, this desert is the seventh largest desert in the world.
8. Kalahari Desert
The Kalahari Desert is the eighth largest desert in the world. This desert is spread over about 220,000 square miles. The temperature here is 62.2 ° C during the summer season and up to 36 ° C in the winter season. This desert is not as dry as other deserts, but it is subtropical here. The soil in this desert is alkaline and dry. Some people do not consider this area to be a desert.
9. Great Basin Desert
The Great Basin is the nine largest desert in the world. This desert spreads over an area of about 190,000 square miles. There are about 33 mountain peaks in this desert. The temperature here varies according to the height of the peaks. Many extinct species of flora and fauna are found here in this desert. It is a “cold desert“.
10. Syrian Desert
This desert is located in the western part of the continent of Asia. This desert is spread over 190,000 square miles. It is part of Syria, Jordan and other countries. Due to the dry season here, it is very difficult to follow agriculture and livestock here. It remains drought throughout the year. It is also a subtropical desert.
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World’s Largest Desert
In this article, we have given you complete information about which are the 10 largest deserts in the world. If anyone asks you which is the largest desert in the world, then feel free to tell about the Antarctica Desert, but if anyone asks you which is the largest hot desert in the world, your answer should be Sahara Desert. Friends, these figures are taken from geology.com. We hope you liked this article. You can give us your opinion in the comments or if you want any more information, then you can tell in the comments.