What is Hepatitis and When to Get Hepatitis Vaccine

What is Hepatitis and When to Get Hepatitis Vaccine

Hepatitis is something that all of you mothers must have heard about. Hepatitis vaccine is given at the time of birth. After this, a total of three vaccines are given from birth to six months. The disease of hepatitis itself is so serious that the World Health Organization itself has included it in the primary vaccines given to children. Let us know what is hepatitis and why it is important to protect children and ourselves from it.

Some Highlights of this Article

  1. What is Hepatitis?
  2. How is Hepatitis B spread?
  3. types of hepatitis
  4. Symptoms of Hepatitis
  5. When should children get the hepatitis vaccine?

What is Hepatitis and When to Get Hepatitis Vaccine

Hepatitis is a disease of the liver, in which there can be inflammation or any kind of leakage in the liver. The word hepatitis is derived from the Greek word ‘hepar’, which means liver. Liver inflammation can also be caused by a bacteria, virus, excessive consumption, Medicine abuse or an autoimmune disease.

It is also known as Hepatitis in Hindi. This disease is spread by consuming contaminated food, contaminated water and coming in contact with a person suffering from this disease. If hepatitis is not treated on time, then there is a risk of liver cirrhosis, liver damage or liver cancer.


Symptoms of Hepatitis

If you consider jaundice at birth in babies as normal, then you need to be alert. In fact, if this jaundice is not cured for a long time, then it can be a symptom of cornice disease or hepatitis. Know the main symptoms of hepatitis:

  • long lasting jaundice
  • all symptoms of jaundice
  • white or black stools
  • dark yellow urine
  • loss of appetite, dyspepsia, vomiting
  • Liver pain or abdominal swelling
  • sudden bluish body
  • vomiting blood

If you see any of the above symptoms, do not ignore it. Timely medical advice is helpful in protecting you from this serious infection. In children too, if jaundice persists for a long time in the initial period, then take regular advice from the doctor. If the baby’s clothes also start turning yellow due to jaundice, then it is a sign that you should be more alert.


When should children get Hepatitis Vaccine (Hepatitis Vaccine Schedule)

According to the guidelines issued by the WHO and the Health Department of India, the child should be given the first Hepatitis vaccine at the very birth. After this booster dose should be given in the sixth, tenth and fourteenth week.

Age Vaccination Hepatitis Skim A Skim B
Birth BCG, OPV 0 HB1
6 weeks DPT 1, OPV 1 HB 2
10 weeks DPT 2, OPV 2 HB 2
14 weeks DPT 3, OPV 3 HB 3 HB 3

Source: WHO and Gov. of India

Types of Hepatitis

There are mainly five types of hepatitis viruses, out of which hepatitis B and hepatitis C are considered the most risk. Let us know in detail the types of hepatitis:

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is a liver disease caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV). It spreads through infected food and water. Their patient usually makes a complete recovery after treatment. There is also a vaccine available to prevent hepatitis A.

Its special symptoms are similar to jaundice disease. Apart from this, tiredness, loss of appetite, nausea, mild fever, yellow or gray colored stools, yellow colored urine and itching all over the body may occur. Always take care of food and drink to avoid hepatitis A virus. Always maintain cleanliness around.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is considered the most serious and harmful for pregnant women. It is transmitted by blood, by unprotected relationship, from a needle used for others or from a needle used for multiple people and by an infected mother to a newborn baby, during pregnancy or during childbirth.

The hepatitis B virus cannot be completely eliminated from the body. However, some Medicine are able to suppress the virus. Its vaccine is available, which is helpful in protecting the person from its infection.

You will be surprised to know that Amitabh Bachchan was also suffering from Hepatitis B infection. It was caused by the infected blood transfused at the time of the injury he suffered during the shooting of the film Coolie.

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is caused by a virus called hepatitis C. There is no vaccine available for hepatitis C. However, most patients recover with the use of medicine. According to doctors, hepatitis C is mainly caused due to the weakening of the liver.

The main reasons for this are eating excessively spicy food, frequent drinking, excessive use of antibiotics etc. If we talk about the symptoms of hepatitis C, then there is loss of appetite or very little appetite, always feeling tired, liver pain and frequent jaundice.

Hepatitis D

The risk of hepatitis D is higher in patients who already have hepatitis B infection. Its prevention is its treatment because adequate treatment is not available.

Hepatitis D causes inflammation and swelling of the liver. This inflammation can also become the cause of liver cancer. It can also become a chronic disease. Jaundice is associated with joint pain, abdominal pain, vomiting, loss of appetite, change in color of urine, fatigue, etc. The risk of hepatitis D is considered.

Note: If hepatitis B is prolonged or hepatitis D is more than 6 months, then medical treatment should be done immediately.

Hepatitis E

Cases of hepatitis are seen more during the rainy and summer seasons. It is also spread through infected food and water, mainly contaminated water. Their patient usually makes a complete recovery after treatment. Hepatitis E is more fatal for pregnant women.

It is caused by a virus called Hepatitis E (HEV). According to the World Health Organization (WHO), about two million cases of hepatitis E infection are reported every year, and in 2015 alone, about 45,000 patients died due to it.

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