Know Why The Festival of Makar Sankranti is Celebrated

Know Why The Festival of Makar Sankranti is Celebrated

There are many facts and reasons hidden behind celebrating every festival in our country. Every festival has its own importance and has its own way of celebrating it. One of these festival is Makar Sankranti. In a way, festivals in Hinduism begin with this festival. In the first month of the year, this festival is celebrated with great enthusiasm all over India.

Every state has a tradition of celebrating it in its own way. While there is a 3-day festival on Sankranti in Andhra Pradesh, it is celebrated as Khichdi festival in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. It is made of rice and lentils. In Gujarat and Rajasthan it is celebrated as Uttarayan festival. Along with this, kite festival is also organized on this day. In Tamil Nadu it is celebrated as Pongal. In Maharashtra, people especially eat gajak and sesame laddus on this day. In West Bengal, people take a special bath in the Ganges Sagar on this day. In Assam it is a puja celebrated as Bhogali Bihu and in Punjab a day before it is celebrated as Lohri.


Not only does special worship take place in this festival, but people also cook and eat food together and also fly kites. In Bihar and Jharkhand, there is a tradition of eating sesame and khichdi on this day, while in Gujarat, kite festival is also celebrated on this day. In many states of South India, people make Rangoli, prepare many types of dishes. Jaggery and sesame sweets and gajak are made of tilkut or khichdi in some places. People especially give importance to bathing in the Ganges on this day. Know every special information related to Makar Sankranti.

Why celebrate Makar Sankranti – Festival of Makar Sankranti

Know Why The Festival of Makar Sankranti is Celebrated


Actually, the transit of the Sun from one zodiac to another is called Sankranti. Sankranti means the time between one Sankranti to another Sankranti. This is the solar month. Although there are 12 Surya Sankrantis, but four of these Sankrantis have been given important status. These include Aries, Cancer, Tula and Makar Sankranti. The process of donating jaggery and sesame etc. on the holy festival of Makar Sankranti is considered very auspicious. This is a day when the sun starts moving north instead of south. Makar Sankranti is celebrated every year only at a fixed time because on January 14, the Sun passes through the Capricorn line after turning Uttarayan. Although sometimes this day is celebrated a day earlier or later. It is clear that the direct relation of this festival depends on the geography of the earth and the position of the sun.

Reasons To Celebrate Makar Sankranti

There are many facts behind celebrating Makar Sankranti festival. According to Hindu beliefs, on this day the Sun enters Uttarayan. The movement of the Sun in the north direction is called Uttarayan. From this day the soreness ends. It is believed that no auspicious work is done in Kharmas, but with Makar Sankranti, the date of auspicious works like marriage, mundan, janeu and naming begins. It is also believed that death in Uttarayan leads to salvation. This is the reason why Makar Sankranti is considered religiously very important. People also see this festival by connecting it with nature, where Lord Surya Dev is worshiped and worshiped. It is also considered a charity festival, in which grains and especially sesame and jaggery are donated to the poor.


There are many stories about Makar Sankranti. According to a legend, on this day Lord Bhaskar (Sun) goes to meet his son Shani at his house, because Shani Dev is considered to be the lord of Capricorn, hence it is also known as Makar Sankranti. There is also another story that Lord Ashutosh (Shiva ji) gave enlightenment to Lord Vishnu on this day. If we look in the context of Mahabharata, then this was the day when Bhishma Pitamah had decided to leave his body. On the other hand, according to other legends, Gangaji followed Bhagiratha and passed through Kapil Muni’s ashram and joined the ocean.

Something Like This is Celebrated 

While worship is given importance on the day of Makar Sankranti, its celebration is also fierce. It is also a festival to increase mutual interaction. People take a bath in the morning on this festival, wish each other a happy Makar Sankranti and then fly kites together with each other. Distribute dishes made of sesame, jaggery and almonds with each other, do charity, feed the poor. Then they all fly kites together. There is no religious reason whatsoever for flying kites. People in Maharashtra and Gujarat especially fly kites a lot. Apart from this, everyone also goes to bathe on the Ganges river and the rivers near their home. Then in the evening khichdi is made in the houses, which is enjoyed with the whole family.

In Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, laddus containing sesame, lava and chuda jaggery are made at home. During this, laddoos are also distributed among neighbors and close ones. Chikki is famous in Maharashtra. On this day in South India, every women decorates Rangoli in front of their house. After taking bath, they do charity and then offer Khichdi. There blankets are also distributed among the poor. Not only this, many people also reach the confluence of Prayagraj to drown, because it is believed that it brings a lot of happiness and prosperity.

Makar Sankranti Worship Method

Although people do not fast on this day, but many people also give great importance to fasting on this day. On this day, after mixing sesame in water, one should take bath. It is believed that on this day bathing in the Ganges, a pilgrimage place or taking a bath in holy rivers is very beneficial. After this, Lord Suryadev is worshipped. Also, on Makar Sankranti, after meditating on their ancestors, they are also given Taparna. After worshiping the members of the house, taking out turmeric, salt, rice, sesame, jaggery, potato and other grains directly and donate it to the poor. Oil bath is also considered of special importance on this day. On this day salvation is attained by donating pure ghee and blankets. It is believed that on this day the Sun is specially worshiped with white and red flowers. Along with this, Arghya is also offered to the Sun. There is also a tradition of getting up in the morning on this day and bathing with sesame paste. On the other hand, married women also exchange the goods of honey with each other.

Meals Made on Makar Sankranti – Makar Sankranti Dishes

Sesame and jaggery are considered to be of utmost importance in Makar Sankranti. This is the reason that in most states, sesame and jaggery dishes are made. Especially tilkut which is very popular in Gaya region of Bihar, it is specially prepared. After that, sesame chikki is made. Most of the chikkis are made of black and white sesame seeds. Lava, chuda, mudhi and millet are also mixed with jaggery to make laddus. In Bihar, there is a tradition of eating curd, chuda and jaggery in the morning on this day. Then dal and rice khichdi is cooked in the night. The scientific fact of eating sesame and jaggery during this festival is that the taste of jaggery is hot. In such a situation, dishes made of sesame and jaggery provide the necessary heat to our body during the winter season. During this time in Maharashtra, Puran Poli is also made, which is made from jaggery and ghee. Then chikki is made by mixing jaggery in peanuts. People also eat Gajak with great liking.

Happy Makar Sankranti 

1. Sesame is us, jaggery is you, sweet is us and sweetness is you, the beginning of the first festival of the year, many wishes to you from our side. Wishing you a very Happy Makar Sankranti.

2. Sweet speech, sweet tongue, this is the message on Makar Sankranti, warm wishes of Makar Sankranti.

3. Somewhere, kites are flying everywhere, some places jaggery, some sesame laddus, eating together, Happy Makar Sankranti.

4. May there be happiness in your life, there should never be any painful puzzle, may you and your family be always happy, Happy Makar Sankranti.

5. This is the season of jaggery and sesame, this is the season to fly kites, this is the season of peace and prosperity, Hearty congratulations on Makar Sankranti.

6. Mole found in sweet jaggery, kite flying and blooming heart, happiness every moment and peace every day, Makar Sankranti brought you all.

7. Like sweetness in jaggery, everyone will fly kites, and fill the sky with their colors. Wishing you a very Happy Makar Sankranti.

8. All the people get their consent, today is Makar Sankranti, friends have risen, Dinkar, let’s fly kites together.

9. We hope that this Makar Sankranti, all the sorrows of your life are burnt to ashes, and your life is filled with happiness and love. Happy Makar Sankranti.

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