Vaccination which is also called vaccination and it is also very important for our children because every year in India many children die due to different types of diseases. Therefore, the simplest way to protect children from such risk diseases is to get them vaccinated at the right time. All these surviving children should be engaged in infancy. If you too have become a new parent, then definitely get your children vaccinated. Along with this, you also need to know why it is important for children to be vaccinated (Benefits of Vaccination) and which vaccines to get.
What is Vaccination?
The medicine which is given to increase the immunity of our body to fight against any disease is called vaccine. The vaccine is sent into the baby’s body in any form. This medicine is given to the baby by feeding, by feeding or in the form of a vaccine. (Benefits of Vaccination)
Importance of vaccination for children?
Very serious diseases are still present all over the world. Vaccination is the best way to protect children against these diseases. Because many diseases are such that prevention is the best solution. This is the reason why the Government of India also advises all children to get vaccinated against some of the most common and serious childhood diseases. (Benefits of Vaccination)
How Does vaccination work?
To protect our body from infection, nature has a kind of protection, which is called immunity. When there is an infection in our body, our body produces certain chemicals called antibodies to fight these infections. These antibodies protect us from infection or infection-causing bacteria and remain in our body even after it is cured. It stays in our body to protect it for life. Vaccination is a means that protects us from the infection arising in our body.
Vaccination develops immunity in our body. It is given to the baby in the form of some medicine by mouth, they are given medicine and some are also given to them in the form of injection. Vaccination done during infancy protects them for life. Therefore, it becomes very important to get the children vaccinated. Public immunization of all communities greatly reduces the likelihood of epidemic outbreaks, and it is only through similar programs by the government that diseases such as smallpox and polio have been completely eradicated. (Benefits of Vaccination)
Benefits of Vaccination or Immunization
When the child is born, his vaccination starts from then and for a few years many vaccines are given which protect him from different diseases. The baby’s immune system is developing in the early years after the baby is born. When the baby grows in the mother’s womb and after birth you feed her with your milk, then the baby continues to receive antibodies from you, due to which it is protected from infection for the first few months, but after a few months these antibodies in the baby gradually – slowly starting to end. At that time the baby needs to produce antibodies to protect itself from infection and these vaccines prompt the baby to develop antibodies in his body. That’s why every parent should start getting their baby vaccinated as soon as they are born. (Benefits of Vaccination)
Types of Vaccination
There are three types of vaccination which are as follows: (Benefits of Vaccination)
1. Primary Vaccines
It consists of one to five doses. These doses start from the birth of the baby and continue through the first few years of his life. It develops immunity in the body of the baby against a particular disease. It is very important to take all doses of these vaccines.
2. Booster Vaccines
Booster vaccination is given to enhance the effect of the primary vaccination as over time the level of antibodies starts decreasing resulting in increased risk of diseases in the body. The booster dose maintains the required level of antibodies in the baby’s body.
3. Public Vaccines
This type of vaccination campaign is carried out to eliminate a particular disease from the root. Such campaigns are run by the government with the aim of keeping the people of their country healthy such as polio, smallpox etc.
A country will progress only when every citizen living in it is healthy. Therefore, many types of campaigns are run by the government. The government tries hard to eliminate these diseases and also to make people aware. Every parent wants the best for their children and also tries to keep them healthy, but for that they should know why vaccination is necessary for the child and which vaccines are given by the government and at what age.
Vaccination in Government Hospitals for Kids
- Tuberculosis (TB)
- Hooping cough
- Hepatitis B
- Hepatitis A
1. BCG Vaccine
This vaccine is given as soon as the baby is born and these vaccines are given as an intradermal injection. The BCG vaccine protects the baby from tuberculosis (TB).
2. DPT Vaccination
This vaccine protects children from serious diseases such as diphtheria, polio, tetanus and whooping cough. Diphtheria is a disease that starts with a sore throat but later on it creates many complications in life. This is a disease related to infection in the lungs. Wounds caused by tetanus do not heal quickly, but the DPT vaccine protects our children from all these diseases.
3. Measles Vaccination
The measles vaccine is given to the infant at the ninth month. In this disease, small grains come out on the body of the baby. This vaccine protects the baby from a type of viral infection.
4. Chicken Pox Vaccination
It is also called small pox or small mother anna. This vaccine protects the baby from the viral infection of chicken pox. It is given to the infant in two doses. The first dose is given during the 12 to 15 months of the infant and the second dose is given during the 4 to 5 years of the infant.
5. MMR Vaccine
The MMR vaccine is given to protect the baby from measles, tonsils and rubella.
6. Influenza Vaccination
This vaccine is given to the baby when he turns 6 months old. This vaccine is a respiratory disease that helps to avoid damage to the respiratory system that causes breathing difficulties in the child.
7. Rotavirus Vaccine
Rotavirus can cause gastroenteritis and diarrhea in the baby. This vaccine protects the baby from gastroenteritis and diarrhea.
8. Hib vaccination
The Herophilus influenza B vaccine causes damage to the brain and spinal cord of the baby by causing soothing of the brain. The Hib vaccine protects the infant’s brain from inflammation. The dose of this vaccine is given to the child in 4 series. The first two doses are given in the first 2 months and the second 2 doses in the 12 month.
All the above mentioned diseases are very risk. If children are given all these important vaccines on time, then children can be protected from these deadly diseases and children can be kept away from these diseases for life.
It is said that parents give birth to children, but a lifetime protection gives them vaccination and a country progresses only when the children of that country are healthy. So they should get their children all the vaccines according to the table given above.
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Precautions after Vaccination
Children may have mild fever, pain or swelling after getting vaccinated. This is common but you should not give them any medicine for this. If the baby cries a lot, contact the doctor. Your baby may have swelling or redness at the injection site after the DPT vaccine. Sometimes a lump is also formed. There is nothing to worry about as it gets better on its own.
1. Vaccination is the most beneficial way to protect children from infectious diseases. Therefore, get your children vaccinated at the right time and at the right time.
2. The mother must also receive the Tetanus Toxicity K2 vaccine during pregnancy while the baby is still in the womb.
3. Children must be given polio drops even if they have diarrhea.
4. The parents of the children should carry the vaccination card with them whenever they go for vaccination and keep the vaccination card handy after entering the vaccine in it.
5. After vaccination, you should be under the supervision of a doctor for about 10 minutes so that if the child has any reaction to the injection, the doctor can check it immediately.
Side-Effects of Missed Vaccinations
Vaccination campaigns protect children from many serious diseases. Children who have not been vaccinated become very sick and weak in the future. This happens because those children have not developed immunity to fight against many common but risk diseases. Such children are weak and malnourished and many children even die. Children are the future of India and it is the responsibility of every parent to protect them and make them free from diseases by getting them vaccinated.