How to Become an Advocate: There are various career options available in India related to legal process, but generally we all have a well-known profession related to law as Advocate. The main reason for this is also that whenever we have to face any legal problems, then the people working on this profession give us the right advice.
Although there are different types of advocates, in which we consider them different according to the field of work, but ultimately they are all part of the legal process. If some of you want to make a career as an advocate, then it becomes very necessary to have education related to this and in future it is very necessary to have knowledge related to this field and employment related to this field.
Here through this article, we are going to give you information on important aspects like education required for advocate, employment options in private and public sector, types of Lawyer, required eligibility etc. We believe that after reading this information, the doubts related to this subject will be resolved in your mind, and in future you will benefit from it as a guide.
Definition of Advocate or Meaning of Advocate
Generally, people have the word lawyer in their mind, in which the person related to this profession is often helped on matters related to law.
But let us tell you that an advocate is a person who has passed the minimum bachelor’s degree in law education. And such an educated person takes the side of his client in the court and uses legal tools to get him justice.
Here mainly the words Advocate and Lawyer have the same meaning, which in Hindi translates to Lawyer. It is necessary for you to understand here that even though the meaning of these two words is same in Hindi, there is some basic difference between Advocates and Lawyer.
According to which the Lawyer person comes under the Advocate Act of 1961, which is allowed to enter the court to represent his client in any situation, in some cases there is a restriction on the lawyer person to do so.
Later, when we will discuss the basic difference between Advocates and Lawyer in detail, then you will get more ease in understanding this topic.
If any person wants to make a career as an Lawyer, then it becomes necessary to fulfill some criteria related to eligibility, which we are going to discuss here. The eligibility criteria included in this are given as follows.
It is necessary for the interested candidate to have passed the minimum graduation / bachelor’s degree education from any education stream, and it is also mandatory to pass the L.L.B degree of law education after that.
The option of an integrated course is available for students who want to pursue a career in this field after getting law-related education after class 12th.
In which BA LLB, B.Sc LLB, B.Com LLB etc. options are given. If yes, then completing any one of these education options is mandatory here.
CLAT – Common Law Admission Test, the eligibility test is organized under the law education department in various universities of India, which also becomes necessary to pass here. The students who have to take admission for the integrated course, it is mandatory for them to qualify this eligibility test.
Students who have successfully passed the Integrated Course in Law Education or L.L.B degree after graduation, all of them have to compulsorily complete the internship of the time prescribed by the Department of Law Education.
In the final round of internship, such persons are required to enroll themselves as an advocates in the Bar Council of the respective state as per the Advocates Act of 1961, framed under Indian law.
Types of Advocate
Here we will discuss in detail how many types of Advocates are there, which we can see the basic difference by connecting them with the field of work such as:
- Advocates in District Court
- Advocate in High Court
- senior advocate
- Advocate in Supreme Court
- advocate on record
- government advocate
- private advocate
- trial advocate
- Advocate of Immigration
- criminal advocate
- civil rights advocate
- tax advocate
- Advocate of Digital Media and Internet
- Intellectual Property Advocate
- Advocate General of State
- Medical Malpractice Advocate
In all the types given above, there are various Lawyer posts related to private and public sector, which are recognized according to the field of work and they all complete the legal work related to the related field.
Let us tell you that Lawyer General is a post present under every state government of India, on which the person working on the side of various administrative issues related to the concerned state, as the legal officer of that state, puts it in the court. And on behalf of the state government. It serves to clarify the role of the government by using legal tools in court.
How to Apply For Government Advocate
There are various state governments in India and there are District Courts and High Courts (Supreme Court) under each state, where government lawyers are present. Let us tell you here that for selection as such a public prosecutor, some major criteria have to be fulfilled, which includes the following things.
- It is mandatory for the aspirant to have passed LLB in law education at the minimum graduation level.
- Such a person should be a citizen of India.
- The minimum age of the interested candidate should be 35 years and the maximum age should be up to 45 years.
- The person who wants to become a government advocate should have worked as an advocate in the Supreme Court (High Court) for a minimum of 2 years in the District Court and for a minimum of 5 years.
- It is mandatory for a candidate to be a Government Advocate to enroll himself in the Bar Council of the concerned State, and within 2 years from the date of such enrollment, such candidate must have passed the All India Bar Council examination.
The list of persons fulfilling the above criteria and working as advocate is sent by the senior judge to the government of the concerned state. Here, from this list, the process of selection of eligible candidates for the post of government advocate is completed by the state government, for which the selection committee has been formed.
Here one does not have to apply directly to become a government lawyer, but the list of advocate persons from the concerned state bar council is sent to the state government by the senior judge.
Let us tell you that from this list, the state government has all the right to select the candidates for the post of government advocate, whose decision is taken after the final decision of the committee set up by the government.
Through the above process, the person who is selected as a government advocate, they have to do the work of providing justice to the person, institution, special class etc.
Age Limit to Become Public Prosecutor/Advocate
If you want to work as a Public Prosecutor in the public sector, then the age limit criteria for this is minimum 35 years and maximum age is 45 years.
Here the caste-based reservation given by the Indian Constitution is applicable, under which the backward classes, other backward classes, etc., are given relaxation in the age limit.
Basic Difference Between Lawyer and Advocate.
As we told you in the beginning that we will discuss the basic difference between Lawyer and Advocate, under which the following things come out clearly, such as:
- Advocates are those persons who have passed the minimum education LLB related to law, as well as such persons have compulsorily completed internship related to law education. In the same bar council of the concerned state, the nomination / name of such persons is registered according to the Indian Advocate Act 1961.
- When it comes to Lawyer, these are the people who have passed LLB in Law, but such persons have neither completed their internship nor registered their names in the Bar Council in the respective state. It is necessary.
- In some special cases, the lawyer is prohibited from representing the client in the court, but the advocate has been given the right to represent the client in any case.
- Lastly, keep in mind that all advocates are naturally lawyers, but not all lawyers are advocates.
Salary of Advocate
People working on the post of Advocate are given a salary ranging from Rs.3 lakh 60 thousand to Rs.5 lakh 40 thousand annually. Here, there is a difference in the salary of the Lawyer working in the private and public sector according to the work area and tenure.
In this way, till now you have read the information of various aspects related to Advocate, in which we have tried to give information about almost all the main things. Hope you have enjoyed reading the given information and your doubts in this subject will also be resolved.
Apart from you, to make other people familiar with this topic and to benefit them also, to benefit from this information, must share this article to all those people. Thank you so much for staying with us.
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Frequently asked questions about Advocate
Q1. What is the age limit to become a government advocate?
Answer: Minimum 35 years and maximum 45 years, here age relaxation is given according to caste reservation.
Q2. What is the minimum education required to become an advocate?
Answer: It is necessary to pass Bachelor’s degree from any education stream as well as law’s education degree LLB.